写好英语作文从改写开始_立刻说成人英语

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写好英语作文从改写开始

  本章讲讲具体的造句了,先不要立刻“无中生有”,现在,我们先学会把简单的句子改成更多样的形式的句子。

 

 

  改好了一个句子,你再写作的时候,就不会只会几个从句,句式单调了。

  汉语里同一句话,英语中可以用不同的方式表达。例如:

  “他英语学得好。”可译为:

  He is good / expert at English.

  He is at home in English.

  He does well in English.

  He knows English very well.

  His English is excellent / perfect.

  He has a good knowledge / command of English.

  “他太累了,不能继续前行。”可译为:

  He was too tired to walk any farther. (简单句)

  He was too tired, so he couldn’t walk any farther. (并列句)

  He was so tired that he couldn’t walk any farther. (复合句)

  Since he was too tired, he couldn’t walk any farther. (复合句)

  同样的句式,具有不同的功能。

  例如:带有附加疑问句的祈使句有以下几种形式:

  Let’s do sth, shall we? = Shall we do sth?

  Let sb do sth, will you? = Will you let sb do sth? Do sth, will you? (用以征询意见)

  Do sth, won’t you? (用以表达邀请) Do sth, can you? (用以表达不满)

  Do sth, can’t you? (用以表达责备)

  Don’t do sth, will you? (用以表达建议)

  示例如下:

  Let’s go and have a look at the flower show, shall we? 我们去看一下花展,好吗?

  Let the boys do the job themselves, will you? 让孩子们自己干,好吗?

  Come and do me a favor, will you? 过来帮我一把,行吗?

  Come in and have a coffee, won’t you? 进来喝杯咖啡吧。

  Don’t hesitate to ask for advice, will you? 要随时讨教啊。

  由此可见,多样的表述或改写,能够有效避免单一、呆板的句式,从而增添语言

  表达的多样性和灵活性。

  常见的句型改写或转换主要有以下几个类型:

  1. 不定式短语与从句间的改写。例如:

  (1)It’s kind of you to give us so much support.

  改 It’s kind that you gave us so much support.

  (2)Now the question is how to raise enough money.

  改 Now the question is how we can raise enough money.

  (3)Do you expect her to stay after that?

  改 Do you expect she will stay after that?

  2. 动名词短语与从句间的改写。例如:

  (1)Our chief worry was her lacking in experience.

  改 Our chief worry was that she lacked experience.

  (2)I suggest leaving early for the airport.

  改 I suggest we (should) leave early for the airport.

  (3)She insisted on my staying a bit longer.

  改 She insisted that I (should) stay a bit longer.

  3. 分词短语与从句间的改写。例如:

  (1)Hearing this, they jumped with joy.

  改 When they heard this, they jumped with joy.

  (2)Those standing there are mostly disabled children.

  改 Those who are standing there are mostly disabled children.

  (3)Are you in favor of the suggestion put forward by Peter?

  改 Are you in favor of the suggestion Peter put forward?

  改 Are you in favor of the suggestion which was put forward by Peter?

  4. 其他短语与从句间的改写。例如:

  (1)Our major problem was our lack of materials.

  改 Our major problem was that we lacked materials.

  (2)In case of fire, ring this bell.

  改 In case there is a fire, ring this bell.

  (3)Mary, a girl of strong character, refused to answer this question.

  改 Mary, who was a girl of strong character, refused to answer this question.

  5. 同义句式间的改写。例如:

  (1)He wore a mask so as not to be recognized.

  改 He wore a mask so that no one could recognize him.

  (2)Tom is clever. He is also hard-working.

  改 Tom is both clever and hard-working.

  改 Tom is not only clever but also hard-working.

  (3)I’ll write to you on hearing from her.

  改 I’ll write to you as soon as I hear from her.

  改 I’ll write to you the moment I hear from her.

  掌握以上基本句型转换方法,对于写作大有裨益,因为我们在写作文时,要根据上下文的逻辑关系选择恰当的句式表达,从而达到语句通顺,行文连贯。

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